Individual Water Supplies
Drinking Water Wells
Residents of West Virginia who want to have a well drilled, or who wish to modify or abandon an existing well, must apply and obtain a permit from their Local Health Department prior to drilling, modifying, or abandoning the well. The application for permit is available below.
Individual water well must be drilled by licensed well driller.
Search for an Approved Water Well Driller or Pump Install: List of Approved Well Drillers and Pump Installers
Water Well Driller Certification
Persons wishing to drill wells in West Virginia should view the Environmental Engineering Division's Training & Certification site for information on the requirements for certification as well as training dates and locations.
Cisterns, and Springs
Other sources of potable water supplies include cisterns and springs, however these are not Department approved without the use of a chlorinator or ultraviolet light. Chlorination systems must be constructed in accordance with Environmental Health Procedure Memorandum DW-38. Ultraviolet light systems must be constructed in accordance with Environmental Health Procedure Memorandum DW-1. For more information regarding approved construction guidelines, contact your Local Health Department.
Request for Potable Water Testing
Residents wanting to have their potable water supply tested for bacteriological safety may complete the SW-253, Request for Water Analysis form below, and submit it to their Local Health Department. There will be a fee for the sample. Contact your Local Health Department for information about that fee.
Signs you should test your well
- family members with persistent gastro-intestinal distress (stomach pain, diarrhea)
- water has an undesirable taste or smell
- water leaves a residue or stains plumbing fixtures or laundry
- water is cloudy or colored
- corroded pipes or equipment that wears out fast
- Contact your Local Health Department to have your well water tested.
Cross-Connection Control and Backflow Prevention
Structures served by a Public Water System that also maintain an individual water well must meet additional requirements. These requirements can be found in the West Virginia Legislative Rule 64 CSR 15, Cross-Connection Control and Backflow Prevention.
An additional concern to the internal plumbing of such structures is an increase in thermal expansion, see the following articles for more information.
Individual Water Well Rules
- Cross-Connection Control and Backflow Prevention - 64 CSR 15
- Water Well Regulations - 64 CSR 19
- Water Well Design Standards - 64 CSR 46
- Environmental Health Procedures related to Drinking Water
Individual Water Well Forms
- Click Here for a listing of, and links to historical well forms, rules & design standards, and policies
- SW-252c, Springs
- SW-252d, Cisterns
- SW-252e, Installing a Hand Pump
- SW-252g, Pit-less Units
- SW-253: Request for Water Analysis
- SW-256: Application for a Permit to Construct, Modify or Abandon a Water Well
- SW-258: Water Well Completion Report
- SW-259: Water Well Violation Report
- SW-260: Water Well Variance Request Form
- SW-261: Water Well Abandonment Report
- SW-262: Water Well Pump Installation Report
This page contains links to external agencies. The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources, Public Health Sanitation Division is not responsible for the content of the these sites.
Well and Potable (Safe Drinking) Water Information
- Potable Water Hauler Information
- CDC - The Safe Water System
- Flood cleanup tips and post-disaster food and water safety
- How to Disinfect a Private Water Well
- Water Well Pumping Systems - Private Well Owners
- What to Do Before Drilling the Well - Private Well Owners
- Four Steps to Water Well Safety - Private Well Owners
WV Office Of Laboratory Services
Information on Financial Assistance for Well Construction and Repair
External Informational Links - Individual Water Wells and Individual Water Supplies
- American Waterworks Association
- CDC - Private Drinking Water
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- National Ground Water Association
- National Well Owners Association
- The Groundwater Foundation
- U.S. Geological Survey - Water Resources of the United States
- Water Quality Association
- Water Systems Council
- WV Department of Environmental Protection